Known primarily as “the world’s leading diamond city,” Antwerp is located on the right bank of the river Scheldt, which is linked to the North Sea by the estuary Westerschelde. More than 85% of the world’s rough diamonds, 50% of cut diamonds, and 40% of industrial diamonds are traded in the city. This trade is overseen and regulated by the Antwerp World Diamond Centre (AWDC). The city has four diamond bourses (i.e. stock exchanges): one for bort (gem-grade/quality diamonds) and three for gem quality goods.
Antwerp is a notable port city, second only to Rotterdam in Europe. Less well known is the fact that it also has the world’s second largest concentration petrochemical industries, after Houston, Texas.
Antwerp International Airport is located in the district of Deurne, just 4 km south east of the city centre. CityJet flies there from London City Airport and Manchester in England. Brussels Airport is 35 km south of Antwerp, but a larger range of airlines fly there from the UK. The airport is connected by bus and by train to the city centre of Antwerp.